The effect of falls and older age on balance performance among elderly population
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Falls and old age have negative effect on balance. Aim of research is to examine the effect of falls and older age on balance performance among elderly population. The sample comprised 142 individuals (52.8% men and 47.2% women) and the mean age for the participants was 73 years and 11 months (SD = 6 years and two months). To assess static and dynamic balance we use the total of twelve different balance test. Results show a statistically significant main effect of the variable related to fall when standing with feet partly put together, One Leg Stance (p < 0.001), 360 Degree Turn Test (p < 0.05) in mediolateral and anteroposterior direction. Significant main effect of age category on standing with the feet together eyes closed (p < 0.05) in anteroposterior direction and standing with feet partly put together, One Leg Stance (p < 0.001), Four Step Square Test, Time Up and Go Test - Motor/Cognitive (p < 0.05) in mediolateral and anteroposterior direction. Significant effect of the intera...ction of the factor of fall and the category of age when standing with the feet apart and eyes open (p < 0.05) in mediolateral direction, feet apart and eyes closed (p < 0.05) in anteroposterior direction, feet together and eyes closed in both directions. Conclusion of our study show that elderly people with a positive history of falling manifest significantly poorer balance on some balance tests compared to younger adults who did not experience a fall.
Keywords:falls / old age / balance
Source:Approaches and Models in Special Education and Rehabilitation – Thematic Collection of International Importance, 2020, 421-433
- University of Belgrade – Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation Publishing Center of the Faculty