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Kreiranje i primena individualnog obrazovnog plana (iop) za potrebe višestruko ometene dece sa oštećenjem vida u Bugarskoj

dc.creatorTzvetkova-Arsova, Mira
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-21T06:51:02Z
dc.date.available2021-09-21T06:51:02Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.issn1452-7367
dc.identifier.issn2406-1328 (eISSN)
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.casopis.fasper.bg.ac.rs/
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3435
dc.description.abstractThe education of Visually Impaired Multiply Disabled Students requires a creative, team-based, dynamic and individualized approach. In this regard for each student an Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) is developed in order to meet his/her unique needs, interests, abilities etc. The educational laws of each country provide standards on how to develop the IEP. At the current moment in Bulgaria Regulation No 1 of 2009 of Ministry of Education provide such guideline and frame. The Regulation and parts of its text are described. The author puts also an emphasize on the process of educational programming (Lewis & Allman, 2000). The process is explained with all its steps and their requirements. The framework of the Bulgarian IEP according to Regulation No 1 is attached into the text in its original version. The article focuses further in details on the main areas of education of Visually Impaired Multiply Disabled Students that should be covered in the IEP (Silberman, 1986; Sacks & Silberman, 1998): motor skills, cognitive skills, communication skills, self-help skills (daily living skills), social skills, prevocational skills, and leisure skills. A short comparison is made between the American and Bulgarian features of these areas and their slight differences. Each area is furthermore explained and described. Photographs are included in order to provide good examples of the implementation of the areas.sr
dc.description.abstractObrazovanje višestruko ometene dece sa oštećenjem vida zahteva kreativan, timski, dinamičan i individualizovan pristup. U skladu s tim, za svakog učenika se kreira Individualni obrazovni plan (IOP), kako bi se zadovoljile njegove jedinstvene potrebe, interesovanja, sposobnosti, itd. Zakonom o obrazovanju svake zemlje propisani su standardi u vezi sa kreiranjem IOP. U Bugarkoj su takve smernice i okviri propisani Pravilnikom br. 1, Ministarstva Obrazovanja (МОМН на България, 2009), čiji su opis i delovi teksta prikazani u ovom radu. Osim toga, u radu je akcenat stavljen i na proces obrazovnog planiranja (Lewis & Allman, 2000). Objašnjene su sve etape ovog procesa, kao i njihovi uslovi. U prilogu se nalazi originalna verzija okvira bugarskog IOP, koncipirana u skladu sa Pavilnikom br.1. U radu se takođe detaljno opisuju glavne oblasti vezane za obrazovanje višestruko ometene dece sa oštećenjem vida, koje treba da budu obuhvaćene Individualnim obrazovnim planom (Silberman, 1986; Sacks & Silberman, 1998): motoričke veštine, kognitivne veštine, veštine komunikacije, veštine samopomoći (sposobnosti potrebne za svakodnevni život), socijalne veštine, preprofesionalne veštine i veštine organizovanja slobodnog vremena. Napravljeno je kratko poređenje između karakteristika ovih oblasti u Americi i Bugarskoj i opisane diskretne razlike među njima. Osim toga, svaka od oblasti je objašnjena i opisana, a uključene su i fotografije koje ilustruju rad na njihovom razvoju.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Beogradu - Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitacijusr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceSpecijalna edukacija i rehabilitacijasr
dc.subjectIndividualized educational plansr
dc.subjectvisually impaired multiply disabled studentssr
dc.subjectIndividualni obrazovni plansr
dc.subjectvišestruko ometena deca sa oštećenjem vidasr
dc.titleDevelopment of an individualized educational plan (IEP) for visually impaired multiply disabled students in Bulgaria and the basic areas covered in itsr
dc.titleKreiranje i primena individualnog obrazovnog plana (iop) za potrebe višestruko ometene dece sa oštećenjem vida u Bugarskojsr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBY-SAsr
dc.citation.issue1
dc.citation.spage51
dc.citation.volume10
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/2679/Tzvetkova.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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