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Communication in a family of deaf and hard of hearing children

dc.creatorKovačević, Tamara
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-17T14:07:46Z
dc.date.available2021-06-17T14:07:46Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.isbn978-99976-761-9-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3276
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=901620
dc.description.abstractOsnovni cilj rada je da se pregledom dostupne literature ukaže na načine komunikacije i neke odlike funkcionisanja porodice sa gluvim i nagluvim detetom. Porodice sa gluvim i nagluvim detetom se u mnogim aspektima razlikuju od drugih porodica. Zbog oštećenja sluha i izmenjenog načina komuniciranja sa okolinom, gluva i nagluva deca razvijaju se pod nepovoljnijim uslovima nego deca koja čuju. Veliki broj gluve i nagluve dece ima specifične probleme na planu komunikacije i interakcije.Detetova nemogućnost da komunicira sa roditeljima i drugom decom ga vremenom izoluju i vode ka dubljim teškoćama na emocionalnom, socijalnom i planu ukupnog razvoja. Komunikacija je jedan od fundamentalnih elemenata življenja, jer služi za sporazumevanje ljudi u određenoj društvenoj zajednici. Komunikacija ili jezik obezbeđuju društvu medijum i sredstvo za socijalizaciju njegovih članova. Primerena i efikasna rana komunikacija bez obzira u okviru kog jezičkog modaliteta se odvija (znakovni ili govorni), zajedno sa prihvatanjem deteta i njegovog oštećenja je osnova uspešnog kognitivnog razvoja i razvoja ličnosti deteta, što predstavlja osnovu komunikacije i izgradnje jezičkih veština. Komunikacija gluve i nagluve dece može biti verbalna (usmena i pisana) i neverbalna (koja obuhvata znakovni jezik, upotrebu prstne azbuke-daktilologije, mimiku i čitanje govora sa usta i lica sagovornika). Koji oblik komunikacije će gluva i nagluva deca koristiti i razviti u velikoj meri zavisi od toga da li potiču iz porodice gluvih ili roditelja koji čuju. Veći broj istraživanja, ukazuje da su porodici gluve i nagluve dece, potrebni različiti oblici socijalne podrške: psihološka, finansijska, informacijska, duhovna i edukativna podrška. Roditeljima je neophodna podrška društvene zajednice; zdravstvenog, obrazovnog i sistema socijalne zaštite. Porodicu je potrebno edukovati o oštećenju sluha, posledicama, modelima amplifikacije, različitim načinima komunikacije, vaspitanju i obrazovanju dece. Neohodno je organizovati različite programe podrške, poboljšati komunikaciju u okviru porodice, kao i saradnju porodice i stručnjaka raznih specijalnosti koji učestvuju u rehabilitaciji i edukaciji gluve i nagluve dece.
dc.description.abstractThe main objective of the paper is, by reviewing the available literature, to point to modes of communication and certain characteristics of the functioning of a family with a deaf and hard of hearing child. Families with a deaf or hard of hearing child are different from other families in many respects.Due to hearing impairments and a changed way of communicating with the environment, deaf and hard of hearing children develop under more unfavorable conditions than normal hearing children. A large number of deaf and hard of hearing children have specific problems in the fields of communication and interaction. The child's inability to communicate with family and other children isolates it, with the passage of time, and leads to deeper difficulties in the social and emotional plan and overall development.Communication is one of the fundamental elements of living, because its use is for the communication of people in a certain community. Communication or language provide the society with a medium and means for socializing its members. Appropriate and efficient early communication, regardless of the language modality (sign or speech) within which it takes place, together with accepting the child and its impairment, is the basis for successful cognitive development and the development of the child’s personality, which represents the basis of communication and the development of language skills. Communication of the deaf and hard of hearing children can be verbal (oral and written) and non-verbal (which involves sign language as well as the use of manual alphabet – dactylology, mime and lip-reading). Which form of communication the deaf and hard of hearing children will use and develop depends, to a large degree, on whether they come from a family of deaf parents or of hearing ones. A large number of studies, indicate that families of deaf and hard of hearing children need various forms of social support: psychological, financial, informational, spiritual and educational support. The support of the community - of the health, education and social protection systems is necessary to the parents. The family needs to be educated on hearing impairment, its consequences, amplification models, different ways of communicating with, upbringing and educating deaf and hard of hearing children. It is necessary to organize various support programs, to improve communication within the family as well as the cooperation of the family and experts of various specialties involved in the rehabilitation and education of deaf and hard of hearing children.
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherCentar modernih znanja, Banja Luka Resursni centar za specijalnu edukaciju, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceU: N. Macanović, J.Petrović, G.Jovanić(Ur.) Zbornik radova, Porodica i savremeno društvo:izazovi i perspektive
dc.subjectporodica
dc.subjectkomunikacija
dc.subjectgluva i nagluva deca
dc.titleKomunikacija u porodici gluve i nagluve decesr
dc.titleCommunication in a family of deaf and hard of hearing children
dc.typeconferenceObject
dc.rights.licenseBY
dc.citation.epage374
dc.citation.otherhttps://centarmodernihznanja.com/zbornici/56-porodica-i-savremeno-drustvo-izazovi-i-perspektive
dc.citation.spage365
dc.description.otherPeta međunarodna naučna konferencija, Društvene devijacije
dc.identifier.doi10.7251/ZCMZ2001365K
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/3388/Untitled1b.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubS_2826
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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