Show simple item record

Leksička raznovrsnost u narativnom diskursu dece sa specifičnim jezičkim poremećajem

dc.creatorDrljan, Bojana
dc.creatorVuković, Mile
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-09T14:20:58Z
dc.date.available2021-06-09T14:20:58Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn1452-7367
dc.identifier.urihttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/1096
dc.description.abstractChildren with specific language impairment (SLI) exhibit significant difficulties in acquiring, processing and using new words. Analysis of spontaneous speech is a useful tool in assessing the development and use of the lexicon in children with SLI. Measures of lexical diversity are commonly used methods in the evaluation of lexical efficiency in spontaneous speech. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in overall lexical diversity and semantic words diversity between children with SLI and typically developing children. The sample consisted of 115 children between five and eight years of age, divided into two groups, 60 children diagnosed with SLI and 55 typically developing children. A sample of spontaneous speech was obtained through the task of story retelling. Fairy tale 'Cinderella' was used as a stimulus task. Lexical diversity and semantic words diversity were calculated with Type Token Ratio (TTR - Chotlos, 1944; Templin, 1957). The results showed that children with SLI had significantly lower score of lexical diversity in spontaneous speech compared with typically developing children. Difficulties with lexical diversity in children with SLI were found in both, overall lexical diversity (p≤0.00) and semantic words diversity (p≤0.00). Also, difficulties with lexical diversity in children with SLI, comparing with typically developed children, were confirmed in both age groups, preschool (p≤0.00) and early school age (p≤0.00). Children with SLI had deficits in the use of all classes of words. The difficulties were manifested in the production of semantic words, as well as in the production of words that have no specific meaning (pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions). Also, deficits in the use of different words in discourse characterized children with SLI in both age groups (preschool and early school age).en
dc.description.abstractDeca sa specifičnim poremećajem u razvoju jezika (SJP) ispoljavaju značajne teškoće u usvajanju, procesiranju i upotrebi novih reči. Analiza spontanog govora predstavlja koristan metod u proceni razvoja i upotrebe leksikona kod dece sa SJP, a procena leksičke raznovrsnosti je najčešći način utvrđivanja opsega i upotrebe reči u narativnom diskursu. Cilj ovog rada je utvrđivanje ukupne leksičke raznovrsnosti i raznovrsnosti sadržajnih reči kod dece sa SJP. Uzorak je činilo 60 ispitanika uzrasta od pet do osam godina sa dijagnostikovanim SJP. Kontrolnu grupu činilo je pedeset petoro dece tipičnog razvoja, koja su prema hronološkom uzrastu i polu ujednačena sa decom iz eksperimentalne grupe. Leksička raznovrsnost je analizirana na uzorku govora dobijenom pričanjem priče 'Pepeljuga'. Leksička raznovrsnost je utvrđena na osnovu broja različitih reči u analiziranom segmentu govora. Rezultati su pokazali da deca sa SJP imaju značano slabija postignuća u pogledu leksičke raznovrsnosti u poređenju sa decom tipičnog razvoja (p≤0,00). Takođe, deca sa SJP su imala značajno slabija postignuća i u pogledu raznovrsnosti sadržajnih reči (p≤0,00). Takođe, lošija postignuća dece sa SJP, u poređenju sa decom tipičnog razvoja, potvrđena su u obe uzrasne kategorije, na predškolskom (p≤0,00) i ranom školskom uzrastu (p≤0,00). Zaključeno je da deca sa SJP ispoljavaju deficite u upotrebi sadržajnih reči, kao i reči koje nisu punoznačne. Deficiti upotrebe reči u narativnom diskursu uočeni su kod dece predškolskog i ranog školskog uzrasta.sr
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Beogradu - Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju, Beograd
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/179068/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.sourceSpecijalna edukacija i rehabilitacija
dc.subjectlexical diversityen
dc.subjectspontaneous speechen
dc.subjectspecific language impairmenten
dc.subjectleksička raznovrsnostsr
dc.subjectspontani govorsr
dc.subjectspecifični jezički poremećajsr
dc.titleLexical diversity in narrative discourse of children with specific language impairmenten
dc.titleLeksička raznovrsnost u narativnom diskursu dece sa specifičnim jezičkim poremećajemsr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseBY-SA
dc.citation.epage287
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.other16(3): 261-287
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.citation.spage261
dc.citation.volume16
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/specedreh16-14408
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://rfasper.fasper.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/81/1093.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubconv_448
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record